Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with a number of similar sorts of clothing originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn mainly for sleeping, but from time to time also for lounging, also by both equally sexes. Additional typically, pajamas may perhaps confer with a number of clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variations of fashion and material.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The original pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The globally utilization of pajamas (the term and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth centuries, along with the British impact on the wider Western planet in the Victorian era. Pajamas had been launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell outside of fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary 50 % from the nineteenth century. They did not become a style in Britain along with the Western earth as sleeping apparel for guys until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is used by numerous individuals in India e.g. by Females of varied courses, by Sikh Adult men, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night attire, and is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It's probable that we English took the behavior like a great numerous Other people in the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty decades back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."
Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-trousers combination made of tender material, including flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect commonly provides a placket front and its sleeves have no cuffs. Lots of people opt to slumber or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas in many cases are named PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally called night time fits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (often called pidzame a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats were quite common on pajamas produced ahead of the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-first century These are fairly scarce.
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Contemporary pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are numerous variants in design which include quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of various length, or, every now and then, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating different products. Chiefly from the US, stretch-knit rest clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Normally worn by children, these garments generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Whilst pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, within the US, they have got sometimes integrated the latter being a major. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of small costume leading above shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas might nowadays seek advice from women's combination daywear, particularly in the US the place they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include things like capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.